Modern web applications and websites increasingly need wide functionalities, you may want to use them for your own business too.
But the thought of creating one for your own business may sound a bit daunting. After all, it doesn’t matter how well aware you are about all the steps that it involves, it is no doubt an overwhelming task.
Fortunately, some tools make the process of web development easier and cost-effective. A web development framework is a good example of such tools and in this post, we are going to discuss the web development frameworks, especially the Top 10 web development frameworks for 2021.
A web development framework is a collection of resources and tools that lay the foundation for software developers to create, customize, and maintain websites, services, and applications. In other words, it is a piece of software that lets you create and run web applications. It is also known as a web framework (WF) or web application framework (WAF).
However, since it generally consists of a set of libraries and tools, it requires special knowledge and skills related to programming. These frameworks provide developers a standard way to create and use web applications on the World Wide Web.
Moreover, these frameworks allow the developers to avoid wasting time on setting the system ground-up for creating web applications and APIs, and rather move to the development process directly.
Many WDFs provide you with libraries for database access, templating frameworks, and the ability to reuse code. Though they are applicable to both dynamic and static websites, they are mostly used for the development of dynamic websites.
Let us now focus our discussion on the top web development frameworks for 2021 that make the web development process easy.
CodeIgniter is a popular open-source web framework used for creating dynamic websites. It is a powerful PHP-driven framework developed by EllisLab and is loosely based on MVC architecture. Many popular websites like Bufferapp, The Mail, and Guardian use CodeIgniter.
It is easy for anyone to master this framework with prior knowledge of PHP, which is a scripting language especially suited for web development.
It has amazing and out-of-the-box libraries that let you easily connect to the database and perform various tasks like sending emails, managing sessions, and so on. Moreover, it offers exceptional performance, nearly zero-configuration, and small monolithic libraries.
Its entire source code is close to 2MB which makes it easy to master, deploy, and update the framework and overall work with it. CodeIgniter is well documented, and also provides tutorials and answers questions posted on its forum.
Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework. It was created by Taylor Otwell in 2011. It is a really good web application framework with an expressive and elegant syntax. Its server-side PHP framework allows you to create full-stack apps, meaning apps with features that require a backend, such as user accounts and order management.
Laravel has PHP at its core. Everything in Laravel is done with the help of code, unlike Drupal or Joomla which let you create websites without writing a single line of code or without any special programming skills.
This implies that it is important to have a good grasp of PHP before you start working with Laravel. It allows you to create large and robust applications easily with its superb inversion of control container, amazing migration system, integrated unit testing support, and other useful features.
Django is a high-level Python Web framework. It was initially developed between 2003 and 2005. It is a free and open-source framework that promotes a sleek, clean, and pragmatic design enabling rapid web development. The framework is written in Python which runs on many platforms.
This allows you to run your applications on multiple platforms like Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X. Moreover, it is well-supported by a variety of web hosting providers. It provides an amazing infrastructure and documentation for hosting websites.
Django is ridiculously fast and takes security very seriously and helps developers avoid many security mistakes. For example, it offers a safe way to manage user accounts and passwords, along with other safety-laden features. Some of the most complex and busiest sites on the Web use Django.
Django is also a collaborative open source project, meaning thousands of users and developers contribute to it. Over the years, it has evolved into a highly versatile website development framework that is capable of developing almost any type of website.
Meteor is a mature, free and open-source framework developed by Meteor Software. It is written using Node.js and offers a variety of tools that are trusted worldwide by many industry giants. It is a very fast web development framework and offers great convenience to its users. It is because all the data is synchronized in real-time which translates to a comfortable and faster synchronization opportunity. While working with this framework, you require less code, meaning there are fewer bugs and less time spent.
It also offers a highly reactive user interface due to which it enables a quick, responsive, and automatic change of the user interfaces with each data change. It can also be easily integrated with a variety of other solutions.
To add to the convenience, there is also a large and extensive database of Meteor extensions known as Atmosphere.js. It contains more than 15000 packages that can help you save a lot of time when it comes to web development.
The software is suitable for both the front-end and back-end development of various applications. However, most developers use Meteor for the development of the back-end of web apps.
It is mainly maintained by Google and by a community of corporations and individuals. The framework extends HTML vocabulary with additional attributes that enable you to make the workflow more responsive to user actions. You can easily add Angular to a web page with a script tag. Angular Js is mainly used in Single Page Application projects.
It offers a variety of simple and declarative templates. You can use the template language for your components, and integrate them with the existing components. Most of its features are extendable and work well with other libraries. They can also be easily modified as per your development needs and workflow.
The main features of this framework are its advanced version management system. It also supports both modern standards and older technologies. The organization is well structured and lets you make assets out of functions that make working with bindings easier.
It also offers the utility of two-way user data migration. Some of the major websites using this framework are Google, Heroku, Netflix, and Microsoft.
As is obvious by the name, Express.js is a framework of Node.js and further enhances its functionality. This means that the developer already gets access to the majority of the code to work with. It lets you create a high-quality single-page, multi-page, or hybrid web application.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails, commonly abbreviated as RoR, is a model view controller framework. It is written in Ruby language which was created by David Heinemeier Hansson. RoR is a very beginner-friendly web development framework and web application development using RoR is very easy and user-friendly.
Like other frameworks, Ruby on Rails offers a variety of tools to aid the process of web development, a diverse library, and databases to help the developer save time and effort.
It also works amazingly well on test automation that can help you evaluate the quality of your software framework. Many cloud-based web apps like Pixlr, and social networking websites like ASKfm, have been designed using Ruby on Rails. Other good examples are GitHub, Shopify, Hulu, and Airbnb.
Other prominent benefits of this framework include library-like dependencies that focus on the topics in the view layer and boost the functionalities of your websites or applications.
The community of RoR is also quite strong, cordial and reliable, and provides you with a lot of resources and tutorials that can help you ace the framework.
Spring is a Java language development framework developed by Pivotal software. What sets spring apart is its capability to allow the formation of J2EE applications. These are complex applications that are made up of Java Server Pages (JSP), Java servlets, and Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) modules.
Moreover, the framework offers a very organized architecture that simplifies the whole process of developing a lot. It employs java, which is a powerful language and benefits the website and the programmers.
With the help of the spring framework, you can retain many parallel projects that further boost and enhance the development process. Moreover, it has a lightweight container and offers API responses for many domains.
Many prominent and robust websites have been created using the spring framework. Some of them are BillGuard, Wix, and TicketMaster.
It is a cross-platform UI toolkit. The developer can easily reuse the code across different operating systems such as iOS and Android. One of the aims of Flutter is to provide the developers with all the resources they need to deliver high-performance applications. The framework also has a thriving ecosystem of third-party packages.
It does not require any special UI components, which is the reason why games and other applications that are built using this framework are very fast and responsive. Some good examples of websites using Flutter Framework are Tencent, Google, and Alibaba.
So Which Web Development Framework To Learn?
When it comes to deciding which web development framework to learn, we have a lot of options, though this is an advantage, the confusion being, which would be the best choice? See, you can choose any framework as all of the above-mentioned frameworks are highly in demand and have a very good scope in the future.
But what we would like to recommend is taking up and learning Node & Express.js. first. Wait, why? Well, as of now, there are two stacks: MEAN Stack Developers and MERN Stack Developers.
For Mean, M stands for MongoDB, E stands for Express, A for Angular, and N for Node.js. Likewise for MERN, M for MongoDB, E for Express, R for React, and N for Node.js.
Now, why Express & Node? Is it because they are common? Yes, but there is another common point and that is MongoDB.
Yes, you’re absolutely right here; MongoDB is very helpful for getting the benefits of a real-time database. And Node.js perfect for the back-end, but we all know that Express came into the picture to support Node by reducing the work
A good example is attempting to make a connection with Node vis-a-vis Express. Express simply makes things easier. However, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t learn Node, if you don’t, you won’t be able to take the benefits of Express.
So, in the end, we would like to conclude that you should learn Node & Express, which should be followed by either Angular or React (library). Once you do this, your development experience will be enhanced.
Which Web Development Framework do you want to create your digital asset? Do let us know in the comments section down below. For more posts, check out our blog.